International Women’s Day
March 8th is one of the most significant days in the global history of feminism and women’s rights. So, in order to celebrate this year’s upcoming Internation Women’s Day, we have decided to take a closer look at the history and see how this day has evolved and even become an official holiday in many countries.
Originally, Women’s Day started not as a celebration that was recognized internationally but as local, separate movements to raise awareness for the injustices women had to endure, especially in the workplace, with a more political aspect than a cultural one. The first day that was specifically dedicated to women was called “National Women’s Day,” and it was held in New York, not on March 8, but on February 28, 1909. This day was organized by the Socialist Party of America, and some claim that it was actually organized to pay tribute to a protest in New York by female garment workers on March 8, 1857, but these claims have never been officially confirmed.
Although it was described as “national,” this event in New York inspired the rest of the world and two years later, on March 8, 1911, International Women’s Day was acknowledged for the first time, by over one million people in Germany, Denmark, Austria, and Switzerland. The participants demanded political rights such as the right to vote and hold public office. They also protested against inequality and sex discrimination.
The protests and demonstrations continued all around the world. On March 8, 1917, female textile workers in Saint Petersburg (known as Petrograd back then) went on a strike, and this movement marked the start of the Russian Revolution. Following the revolution, Women’s Day became an official holiday in Russia. Other countries followed Soviet Russia’s example, and eventually, the United Nations started celebrating International Women’s Day in 1975.
Today, International Women’s Day is an official holiday in 28 countries and even in countries when it is not officially celebrated, it is now widely recognized as a special day dedicated to gender equality and women’s rights. On this day, women often receive gifts from family members, friends, and colleagues. International Women’s Day is important to remind us to look back and appreciate how far we have come.
Tragstore wishes all the women around the world a happy International Women’s Day!